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Rohit is an investor, startup advisor and an Application Modernization Scale Specialist working at Google.

Thursday, August 8, 2019

Learnings from Implementing enterprise event driven architecture

There are four different types of event driven architecture[3]. Docket Based Choreography pattern is one of our inventions that allows us to design and operationalize an event driven architecture for a legacy system. It involves event notification but is a specific implementation. Typical event driven reengineering of a monolith involves both sync and async flows. CQRS and Event Sourcing - one of the en vogue forms of event driven architecture is hard resulting in to 50% failure rate in projects. Practicing domain driven design and carving out bounded contexts and vertical slices is hard. You have to stick to first principles after the system is decomposed to stay true to the event driven architecture. We leverage Kafka a lot primarily as a messaging broker. Developers struggle with ACID guarantees in Event driven systems. Online event processing provides a way to make a system eventually consistent [6].

Typical pitfalls encountered in engineering to microservices from monoliths are Incidental Coupling of microservices and shared data model across microservices. in some cases the microservices reverted to shared canonical domain models. CDC driven decomposition of monoliths is rare due to data silos. Successful architecture and app transformation requires change in culture. Event Shunting Pattern [4] allows for gradual transformation for legacy to a modern stream event driven architecture. Among many things, the pace of change dictates the boundary of the microservice. Leverage past experience to see which features/components change over time. Avoid glorious central model. Central authority make changes to the canonical model. Avoid the trap of making a giant canonical model by staying true to guiding principles. Large messages as events vs small messages build on this. Large canonical messages can force many changes to the model happen. Managing regulatory, security, PII, encrypted data at rest are painful. Small messages that trigger data fetches through an API have been much more successful towards a sustainable architecture.

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